The purpose of deep cleaning is to physically remove harmful agents that can lead to inflammation of the gingiva and bone. Common harmful agents removed by this conventional periodontal treatment include calculus or tartar. Doctors Network has streamlined the process of finding a periodontist or dentist near you who takes your insurance.
These non-surgical procedures which thoroughly cleanse the gum pockets, work miraculously for individuals suffering from gingivitis, gum inflammation, or even severe periodontal disease.
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Why you might need deep cleaning
Deep cleaning can be used as a prophylactic procedure as well as a stand-alone service. These procedures are performed as prevention for patients suffering from periodontal disease.
Here are a few reasons why these dental procedures may be required:
- Aesthetic effects
Deep teeth cleaning helps clean off tartar or calculus from tooth roots and under the gumline. As an added bonus, if stains are on the teeth, they will be cleaned in the process of the deep cleaning procedure.
- Tooth protection
When periodontal pockets exceed 3mm in depth, there is an increased risk of periodontal disease. As gingival pockets become deeper, they house more of harmful bacteria. Sooner or later, a chronic inflammatory response by the body begins to damage jawbone and gum tissue which could cause tooth loss. Periodontitis is the number one cause of tooth loss in the world.
- Disease prevention
The anaerobic bacteria that cause periodontal infections can travel via the blood to other organs of the body. Research shows that heart disease and lung infections have been linked to periodontal bacteria. Deep cleaning removes these bacteria and stops gum disease from progressing, thus preventing the infection from traveling to other parts of the body.
- Better breath
One of the most detectable symptoms of periodontal disease is halitosis. Food and bacteria can cause a foul odor in the mouth which can be alleviated with cleaning procedures such as scaling and root planing.
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What does deep cleaning involve?
Deep cleaning or Scaling and root planing treatments are only performed after a comprehensive exam of the mouth and teeth. Your dentist, will take dental X-rays, perform clinical examinations, and make an evaluation before recommending or beginning the scaling and root planing procedures.
Based on the current condition of the gums, the extent of tartar present, the gingival pocket depths, and the progression of the gum disease, local anesthetic may be administered.
This treatment is usually performed with special dental instruments and might include an ultrasonic scaling tool. The scaling device removes plaque and tartar from the surface of the crown and root surfaces. In most cases, the scaling instrument includes irrigation of the gingival pockets that can also be used to administer an antimicrobial agent below the gums to reduce oral bacteria.
This part of the procedure is the treatment to remove the surface dentin and root cementum that is infested with harmful microorganisms, toxins, and tartar. The root surface of the tooth is literally smoothed to promote healing. Having clean, smooth root surfaces prevents bacteria from easily colonizing in the future.
Following the procedure, the periodontal pockets may be treated with antibiotics. This will reduce irritation and help the gum tissues to heal faster.
During the next follow-up appointment, the New York dentist or hygienist will carefully examine the gums again to see how well the pockets have healed. If the pockets still measure more than 3mm in depth, additional treatments may be suggested.
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